con|trol1 W1S1 [kənˈtrəul US -ˈtroul] n
1¦(make somebody/something do what you want)¦
3¦(way of limiting something)¦
4¦(ability to stay calm)¦
6¦(people who organize activity)¦
7¦(scientific test)¦
the ability or power to make someone or something do what you want or make something happen in the way you want
The disease robs you of muscle control.
control of/over
Babies are born with very little control over their movements.
Artists like to have some control over where their works are hung in a gallery.
She's a good teacher who has control of her class.
Students are encouraged to take control of their own learning, rather than just depending on the teacher.
Excessive drinking can make you lose control of your own life.
'Do you need any help?' 'No. It's under control , thanks.'
Dogs are allowed on the trails if they are kept under control .
The car spun out of control and hit a tree.
Flight delays do occur, for reasons that are outside our control .
2.) ¦(POWER)¦[U]
the power to make the decisions about how a country, place, company etc is organized or what it does
The press was freed from political control.
control of
Jordan asked for editorial control of the project.
in control (of sth)
Anti-government forces are still in control of the area.
By the end of the year, the rebels had control over the northern territories.
The Johnson family has effective control of the company, owning almost 60% of the shares.
China gained control of the island in 1683.
His son is being trained to take control of the family business.
The Democrats lost control of Congress in the last election.
under the control of sb
The college was under the control of a group of trustees.
The whole of this area came under Soviet control after World War II.
The Conservatives are hoping to regain control of the city council.
an action, method, or law that limits the amount or growth of something, especially something that is dangerous
pest control
control of
the control of inflation
control on
The authorities imposed strict controls on the movement of cattle.
an agreement on arms control (=control of the amount of weapons a country has)
under control
Firefighters had the blaze under control by 9:44 p.m.
Shea used diet and exercise to bring her weight under control .
The Federal Reserve Bank raised interest rates to keep inflation under control .
rent/price/wage etc controls
Rent controls ensured that no one paid too much for housing.
tight/rigid controls
(=strict controls)
The government favours the introduction of tighter controls on immigration.
Police used fire hoses and dogs for crowd control .
the ability to remain calm even when you feel very angry, upset, or excited
There were sudden tears in his eyes and he paused, fighting for control.
Davidson lost control of himself and started yelling.
Small children can't be expected to have the same self-control (=ability to control their emotions and behaviour) as an adult.
under control
Her voice is under control, but she is almost shaking with anger.
in control
I felt calm and in control.
the thing that you press or turn to make a machine, vehicle, television etc work
the TV remote control
the volume control on the radio
a car with manual controls
at the controls
(=controlling a vehicle or aircraft)
Belton, at the controls, made a perfect landing.
the people who direct an activity or who check that something is done correctly, the place where this is done, or the process of doing it
air-traffic control
Please stop at passport control.
computers used for stock control
a) a person, group etc against which you compare another person or group that is very similar, in order to see if a particular quality is caused by something or happens by chance
control group/population/sample etc
A control group of non-smoking women were compared to four groups of women smokers.
b) a thing that you already know the result for that is used in a scientific test, in order to show that your method is working correctly
8.) ¦(COMPUTER)¦ also control key [singular]
a particular button on a computer that allows you to do certain operations
Press control and F2 to exit.
COLLOCATES for sense 1
have control (over/of something)
take/gain control (of/over something)
fight/struggle for control (of/over something)
lose control (of/over something)
be under control
keep something under control (=keep something happening in the way you want)
get/go out of control (=stop happening in the way you want)
beyond/outside somebody's control (=impossible for someone to control)
full/total control
control 2
control2 W1S2 past tense and past participle controlled present participle controlling
v [T]
3¦(make somebody/something do what you want)¦
6¦(check something)¦
[Date: 1400-1500; : Anglo-French; Origin: contreroller 'to keep a copy of an official document in rolled-up form', from Medieval Latin contrarotulare, from contrarotulus 'copy of a roll', from Latin contra- ( CONTRA-) + rotulus 'roll']
1.) ¦(POWER)¦
to have the power to make the decisions about how a country, place, company etc is organized or what it does
The Democrats continued to control the Senate until last year.
a huge company controlling half the world's coffee trade
Labour-/Republican-/Democrat- etc controlled
a Conservative-controlled council
2.) ¦(LIMIT)¦
to limit the amount or growth of something, especially something that is dangerous
a chemical used to control weeds
an economic plan to control inflation
Development in areas of outstanding natural beauty is strictly controlled.
Strict measures were taken to control the spread of foot and mouth disease.
to make someone or something do what you want, or make something happen in the way that you want
Police had to be called in to control the crowds.
a skilled rider controlling a spirited horse
a controlling parent
4.) ¦(EMOTION)¦
if you control your emotions, your voice, your expression etc, you succeed in behaving calmly and sensibly, even though you feel angry, upset, or excited
Sarah took a deep breath, trying to control her anger.
He controlled the urge to laugh.
control yourself
Newman controlled himself with an effort.
to make a machine, process, or system work in a particular way
a radio-controlled toy car
A thermostat controls the temperature in the building.
control how/what/which etc
The valves in the heart control how quickly the blood is pumped around the body.
to make sure that something is done correctly
= ↑check, monitor ↑monitor
The company strictly controls the quality of its products.
WORD CHOICE: control, manage, run, be in charge
To control something means to have the power to make it work in the way that you want, usually without anyone else being able to stop you : The army controls the north of the country. |With 75% of the shares, he effectively controls the company.
To manage something means to organize the way that it works, often with responsibility for other people's work : She manages a team of software developers. | David managed a small bookstore.
To run something such as a business means to organize it and take the important decisions about how it works, perhaps as the owner of the business : I run my own cleaning business. | Louise will be running the project.
To be in charge means to have responsibility for a situation or activity and decide what happens in it : When the Director is away, her deputy is in charge. | He's in charge of marketing.
WORD CHOICE: control , check , inspect , examine , test , monitor
!! Do not use control to mean 'check' or 'test'. Use one of the following verbs:
check or inspect means to look at something carefully to see if it is correct, safe, or legal : Your passports will be checked on arrival. | Safety officers inspected the building.
examine means to look at something very carefully in order to find out more about it : Experts who examined the letter declared it a fake.
test means to carry out an experiment or process in order to find out what qualities something has : They test blood samples for drugs. |Every car is tested to ensure that it meets high safety standards.
monitor means to keep checking or testing something over a period of time to see if it changes : Her heart rate is being monitored. |This device monitors room temperature and humidity.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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